In our day to day life while working, playing and doing daily life activities, we are prone to having a bad day. We stumble upon something, we get cough/cold, our stomach gets upset after eating junk food everyday, get a cut or scratch while playing. This all things are inevitable in our life but we do suffer frequently due to this. Problems are there to come, but every problem has an optimal solution. So we will go through such solutions by getting to know ‘WHAT TO DO IF?‘
Take some time to learn first aid and CPR. It saves life and it worksBobby Sherman
People often say ‘Prevention is Better than Cure’. Its true and everyone should implement this. But what if some unknown event occurs randomly and you barely have witnessed it in your life? Lets go through such scenarios and their resolution.
1. What to do if someone’s having a heart attack ?
- Pain in the chest, tightness or feeling pressure in center of the chest.
- Headache and nausea, Heartburn, Indigestion,
- difficulty breathing
- Sweating, fainting
Heart attack has become daily occurrence in our unhealthy life. Even young persons are facing heart problems due to bad food and bad health habits. So what to do if you or someone has a heart attack?
- Call Emergency contact number and take the person to nearest hospital.
- Chew and swallow Aspirin as it prevents blood from clotting.
- Begin CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) if the person is unconscious.
2. What to do if someone gets cold and flu?
In Covid-19 Pandemic, cold and flu were the most common symptoms. To know more about Covid-19 (Symptoms/ Precaution/ Treatment) you can click here. And due to this nowadays, people get afraid even when they get a common flu. But you don’t need to worry as in my Home Remedies section, I have given some important ayurvedic home remedy which you can use to prevent and cure many disease at home itself.
For now we will check What to do if someone gets cold and flu?
- Visit the doctor and get Tested.
- Stay at home, don’t get in close contact with other person.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a mask.
- Intake some warm liquids like soup and drink plenty of water.
- Try nasal drops or spray.
- Take rest.
3. What to do if someone has a stroke?
- Sudden lack of balance.
- muscle movement disorder.
- mild memory loss.
- Sudden changes in mood and personality.
- Lack of coordination.
Stroke has no age limits, it can occur to human beings of any age. This basically is caused by unhealthy lifestyle. Mostly people with hyper-tension, diabetes, or people who smoke and drink alcohol are more prone of having a stroke.
What to do if someone has a stroke?
- Call Emergency healthcare or nearest medical facility.
- Place the person into a comfortable position and loosen any tight clothing.
- Do not give them any food or liquids.
- Note the symptoms and the time it started.
- Monitor their airway and breathing.
- If there are no signs of breathing, then begin CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).
4. What to do if someone has a seizure?
A seizure normally occurs when some parts of the brain has a burst of abnormal electrical signals that interrupt normal brain signals. Due to which the person body reacts abnormally or starts jerking. Sometimes that person can also go unconscious during this. Most of the time seizure are not fatal, however witnessing a seizure is a frightening experience.
So What to do if someone has a seizure?
- Keep other people out of the way.
- Do not hold or try to resist the movement of patient.
- Clear any sharp or hard object away from the patient
- Check whether nothing is in patients mouth, as it can harm their teeth or jaw.
- Turn the person onto one side, this will help person breathe.
- If the seizure lasts more than 5 mins, call Medical Emergency.
- If the patient has diabetes, heart disease or is pregnant then do contact nearest Medical Facility.
5. What to do if someone gets bit by snake?
People are often frightened even if they hear of snake. And snake bites have the reputation which have generated immense fear in the mind of people. We have to understand, like every other animals, snake also fear humans, they bite when they feel danger. If we go into facts, their are more than 4000 species of snakes in the world, out of which only few hundreds species are venomous.
But what to do if someone gets bit by a venomous snake?
- One should seek a doctor ASAP, medical care is most important.
- Remove any kind of rings, watches, bracelets, etc. if bitten on the hand.
- Loosen tight clothes if there is swelling.
- Apply a pressure bandage to the bite area.
- Apply firm pressure to the bite area.
- Check and keep a track of the area which is swelling.
- Keep the affected area lower than the heart level.
- Do not suck out the venom or use knife over it, as it can get infected even more.
- Do not use aspirin or any pain relievers.
6. What to do if someone is Choking?
Choking happens when someone’s airway is blocked or partially blocked, due to which the person can’t breathe. In case of mild choking, a person can himself clear the blockage by coughing, or by trying spitting out the object in mouth. However, in case of severe choking, a person can speak, cough and breathe. He can eventually fall unconscious. So what to do if someone is choking severely?
- When Coughing doesn’t help, the best option is to stand behind them, slightly to one side. Support the person’s chest with 1 hand. Lean them forward so the object blocking their airway will come out of their mouth. Give up to 5 sharp blows between their shoulder blades with the heel of your hand. Then check if the blockage has cleared
- If this does not work, try out Abdominal Thrust. To carry out Abdominal Thrust, stand behind the person, place your arms around their waist and bend them forward. Clinch one fist and place it right above belly button. Put the other hand on top of fist and pull sharply upwards and inwards. Repeat this process about 5 times.
- If the person is still choking, then call nearest Emergency Medical Facility and continue giving back blows and abdominal thrust.
- If the person falls unconscious and not breathing, than start CPR.
7. What to do if a child is choking ?
If a child is choking, this situation is really critical and different from an adult person who is choking. Choking in infants is generally caused by breathing in a small object that is placed in the child’s mouth. A complete blockage is a serious medical emergency, however partial blockage can be treated. So What to do if a child is choking?
- If the Child is not coughing forcefully and does not have a strong cry, only then follow these steps: 1) Lay the child face down, along your forearm. Use your lap for support and hold the infant’s chest in your hand and jaw with your fingers. Point the child’s head downward, lower than the body. 2) By using your palm, give 5 quick blows between the child’s shoulder blades.
- If the object is still stuck inside then, 1)Turn the child’s face up, support the head, then place two fingers in the middle of the breastbone just below the nipples. 2) Give 5 thrusts down, compressing about one third of the chest. Continue 5 back blows and 5 chest thrusts until the object is removed.
- If the child loses consciousness or is unresponsive then, 1) Give infant CPR. 2) If you can see the object blocking, remove it with your fingers. 3) Call Emergency Medical.
8. What to do if a dog bites you ?
Dog bites are not frequent but sometimes while you are playing with your own dog, he can bite you. Now this bite can be a little scratch caused by his canines but its better to take precaution and take medical care the same day. Now what to do if a dog bites you ?
- Wash the wound with warm water and a mild soap.
- Apply antibiotic and a sterile bandage on the wound.
- You need to visit doctor quickly if: 1) The bite wound is big and deep. 2) You are a diabetic, cancer & AIDS patient. 3) If you haven’t taken a tetanus vaccine in past 5 years. 4) If you are bitten by stray dog.
9. What to do if a person is electrocuted?
An electric shock can be caused through various sources such as household appliances, powerlines, lightning, electric machinery or outlets. Electric shock in any form can be fatal, one should seek immediate emergency care. Electric shock can cause severe burns, even if sometimes there are no marks left on the body but still there can be internal organ damage due to electric current passing through the body. So what should we do if a person is electrocuted ?
CAUTION : 1) Never touch a person who is electrocuted, electric current may still be passing through his body. So instead use a non- conducting object to move the affected person. 2) If the source is lightning or high-voltage wires, don’t go near by yourself, instead call the Emergency officials.
Call Emergency Care in case of : 1) Severe Burns. 2) Cardiac Arrest. 3) Seizures. 4) Difficulty in breathing. 5) Unconsciousness.
First Aid while waiting for medical care: 1) Turn off the source of electricity or move it away from you and the person affected by using non-conducting object such as wood or plastic. 2) Try CPR if the affected person is not breathing or moving. 3) Cover the burns with sterile bandage.
10. What to do if a person is on Fire?
A person can come in contact with fire in many cases such as, fire in house or a car, by short-circuit at workplace and many other reasons. Fire causes burns on the body which can be classified as 1st degree, 2nd degree or 3rd degree based on its severity. And most of the times these burns are dangerous and painful. So What should we do if a person is on fire?
- In case of fire, you should implement ; STOP – where you are
DROP – to the floor
ROLL – around on the floor
- Use a blanket or rug to smother the flames and cover the person with it.
- Use a Fire Extinguisher, to stop the flames which can reduce the risk of serious burns.
- Remove any tight cloths, ornaments, belt etc. 18008969999
- For 1st degree burns, you can run cool water on burnt area and cover it with sterile non-adhesive bandage.
- For 2nd degree burns, immerse the burnt area in cool water for 10 to 15 mins, cover loosely with sterile non-stick bandage. Do not apply ice or any ointments.
- For 3rd degree burns immediately call Emergency Care, Cover the person with a blanket or material that won’t stick to the wound. Do not soak the burn area in water. Preventing shock is most important in this case, Lay the person flat, elevate burn area above the heart level. Check the pulse and breathing of the person, till the emergency service arrives.
11. What to do if someone is drowning?
Drowning is often related to island, oceans and sea, however most of the drowning cases occur at lake, ponds, reservoirs where usually there are no lifeguards. Also people enjoying in swimming pool have huge risk of drowning.
CAUTION: Drowning does not occur as shown in a film or serial, it is quick and silent. So you need to be quick. Do not rescue the drowning person by getting in water yourself, Drowning person often panics thus they can catch-hold of the person who has came to save them, which can endanger the life of the other person too. So take professional advice and equipment’s before securing the drowning person. Throw a flotation device like a rescue tube and life jacket, or extend a long pole like thing towards the person to hold onto.
So now the person is safely brought out of the water but he is unresponsive. What should we do in this case?
- Check for breathing by listening and feeling the breaths. If not breathing, then follow the next steps.
- Call for emergency help.
- Slightly tilt their head backwards, Give mouth to mouth by sealing your mouth over their mouth. Pinch their nose and blow into their mouth. Repeat this 4 to 5 times.
- Start giving chest compressions. Start CPR, Push firmly in the middle of their chest and then release. Repeat this for around 30 times.
- Repeat with Mouth to Mouth and CPR till the medical care arrives.