Coronavirus or COVID – 19 is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease originated from Wuhan, China and then caused global pandemic. Here we will see Covid-19 latest updates of 2020.
- Dry Cough
- Shortness of breathe
- Muscle or Joint pain
- Sore throat and chills
- Diarrhoea and Nausea
According to WHO, Healthcare experts and research by many countries, the disease is spread during close contact by small droplet produced when people cough, sneeze, talk. It may also spread when a person touches a contaminated surface and then touches one’s eyes, mouth or nose. The virus is most contagious when people are symptomatic also it can spread as well when there are no symptoms at all.
Testing and Diagnosis :
WHO has published several testing methods and process for the disease. The standard method of testing is real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR). This test is done physically on respiratory samples obtained by nasopharyngeal swab, however a nasal swab may also be use. Results are generally available within a few hours to two days. As per now, there is no vaccine available for curing this disease, however as the symptoms are similar to Pneumonia, patients are treated based on it.
According to ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research) and research done by many medical authorities, Hydroxychloroquine is partially effective on the infected patient. India has a great amount of this drug. They have supplied a good quantity of Hydroxychloroquine to more than 50 Corona affected nations such as US, UK, UAE, Russia, etc.
Though there is no known cure for COVID – 19, it can be prevented by early testing.
As Prevention is better than cure, we must try to prevent COVID – 19 in first place. For prevention and to reduce the chances of infection person should stay at home, avoid crowded places, washing hands with soap and water frequently for at least 20 seconds practicing good respiratory hygiene and avoid touching nose, mouth and eyes. Use of cloth face covering or mask in public places is recommended.
Social distancing strategies is carried out in whole world in aiming to reduce contact of infected person with large groups by closing and restricting schools, workplaces, gyms, fitness clubs, national and international travels, large public gathering etc.
As there is no vaccine expected till 2021, a key part of managing and controlling COVID – 19 is trying to decrease the epidemic peak also known as flattening of curve
Flattening of curve refers to community isolation measures that keep the daily number of disease cases at a manageable level for medical providers.
In less then a month, the global number confirmed COVID – 19 cases doubled from about 75000 cases on Feb. 20 to more than 150,000+ on March 15. Now this shows how the infection rate grows out of control if not taken care of. You can see Italy and now America suffering a lot due to this also the death rates is the highest.
Here comes the need of flattening the curve. In contrast to a steep rise of corona virus infection a more gradual increase of cases will see the same number of people get infected, however without overburdening the healthcare system at one time. The idea of flattening the curve is to stagger the number of new cases over a longer period so that people have better access to treat and care.
Now this process can be successfully completed by following certain measures such as testing every single suspect and patient or else other political measures such as social distancing or quarantines. If everyone follow these measures definitely we can control the pandemic and save millions of lives.
Top immune boosting measures :
- Reduce stress
- Plan healthy diet with vegetables and different fruits
- Reduce alcohol consumption
- Stop smoking
- Exercise and Yoga
- Sleep well
- Drink enough water
Top immune boosting foods:
- Sweet potatoes
- Green tea
- Citrus fruits like grapefruit, lemon, oranges
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